Maxwell Teitel Paule, Canidia, Rome’s First Witch, Londres – New York, Bloomsbury Academic, 2017.

Maxwell Teitel Paule, Canidia, Rome’s First Witch, Londres – New York, Bloomsbury Academic, 2017.

Capture d_écran 2017-04-14 à 10.12.20

Présentation sur le site de l’éditeur : 

Canidia is one of the most well-attested witches in Latin literature. She appears in no fewer than six of Horace’s poems, three of which she has a prominent role in. Throughout Horace’s Epodes and Satires she perpetrates acts of grave desecration, kidnapping, murder, magical torture and poisoning. She invades the gardens of Horace’s literary patron Maecenas, rips apart a lamb with her teeth, starves a Roman child to death, and threatens to unnaturally prolong Horace’s life to keep him in a state of perpetual torment. She can be seen as an anti-muse: Horace repeatedly sets her in opposition to his literary patron, casts her as the personification of his iambic poetry, and gives her the surprising honor of concluding not only his Epodes but also his second book of Satires.

This volume is the first comprehensive treatment of Canidia. It offers translations of each of the three poems which feature Canidia as a main character as well as the relevant portions from the other three poems in which Canidia plays a minor role. These translations are accompanied by extensive analysis of Canidia’s part in each piece that takes into account not only the poems’ literary contexts but their magico-religious details.


“The discussions of individual poems are unfailingly rich … Paule’s book provides the perfect complement to … broad-ranging diachronic surveys, focusing in on one witch, one poetic corpus, and engaging in close reading.” –  Classics for All Reviews

“In this excellent in-depth literary study, Maxwell Teitel Paule persuasively shows how Horace uses the malleable demonic figure of Canidia in different roles to serve his own changing poetic needs.” –  Barbette Stanley Spaeth, Associate Professor of Classical Studies, College of William and Mary, USA

“In this fascinating book Paule investigates Canidia as the prototypical witch, a demonic entity provided with an incredible variety of features. Through his insightful analysis he suggests new interpretations for Horace’s poetry.” –  Alberto Cavarzere, Professor of Latin Literature, University of Verona, Italy

Sommaire : 

1: Canidia, or What is a Witch?
(a) Introduction
(b) The Historical Canidia
(c) The Problem with Witches
(i) What qualifies as a saga?
(ii) The Witches Meroe and Canidia
(d) Conclusions

2: Satire 1.8: Canidia in the Gardens of Maecenas
(a) Translation and Text
(b) Introduction
(c) A Statue in the Garden, a Witch in the Graveyard
(i) Canidia’s Invasion of the Satiric Garden
(d) Integrating the Intruder
(i) Elements of Vergil, Elements of Theocritus
(ii) Elements of Homer
(iii)Elements of Horace
(e) Priapus Flaccus and the Inversion of the Iambographic Tradition
(i) Satirizing Callimachus’ Iambi
(f) Conclusions

3: Hag and Snatcher: Canidia as Child-Killing Demon in Epode 5
(a) Translation and Text
(b) Introduction
(c) Canidia as Child-Killing Demon
(i) Three Child-Killing Demons
1. Lilith
2. The Strix
3. Lamia
(ii) Canidia’s Demonic Traits
(d) Canidia and the Puer Epode 5 as Response to Vergil’s Eclogue 4
(i) Epode 5 as Commentary on Civil War
1. Thyestean Oaths
2. A Feast for Dogs and Birds
(e) Conclusions

4: Routing the Empusa: The Iambic Canidia of Epode 17
(a) Translation and Text
(b) Introduction
(c) Sorry/Not Sorry: Horace’s (Not So Apologetic) Apology
(d) Canidia the Empusa
(e) Canidia and the Epodes
(f) Canidia the Anti-Muse
(g) Conclusions

5: Venefica Minor: Canidia in Epode 3, Satire 2.1 and 2.8
(a) Canidia the Lesser
(i) Epode 3.1-14
(ii) Satire 2.1.47-53
(iii)Satire 2.8.90-95
(b) Final Remarks


Pour en savoir plus, le site de l’éditeur :


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